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School Psychology Program1. Origin of the program
The approach to mitigating the domestic problem of underprivileged or poorly adapted students has evolved from treating the problem when it occurs to preventing it and implementing early intervention. Therefore, the demand for professional educational evaluation and early discovery in school education has gradually increased. In addition, as a result of the trend of integrating students with special needs in mainstream education, the demand for professionals who can identify such students in mainstream schools is also increasing. However, the supply and demand of professional manpower in schools in Taiwan in this regard is unbalanced. Thus, this department and the Department of Special Education jointly started planning the School Psychology Program in the academic year of 2006. After seven meetings between the two departments, the program was officially approved by the university on December 31, 2008.
This program mainly aims to cultivate school psychology professionals in Taiwan. Such professionals provide screening, assessment and diagnosis, and counseling interventions for students with learning difficulties, special needs, or highly challenging temperaments. The personnel trained in this program can improve the professional abilities of the current counselors in middle schools and elementary schools.
The professional abilities of those conducting psychological assessment in terms of diagnosing and identifying students with special needs in different counties and cities can also be improved. The trained professionals can be instrumental in the evaluation of the “Learning and Applying Knowledge” function, which is part of the future implementation of the “People with Disabilities Rights Protection Act.”
2. Brief introduction of school psychology
The professional field of school psychology (or educational psychology as it is called in Commonwealth countries) originated at a conference on promoting quality promotion hosted by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization in 1948. The establishment of the profession of school psychology service was suggested at that conference.
Since 1954, professional organizations promoting school psychology have spread across the United States. Prominent international academic groups in this field include the International School Psychological Association, the National Association of School Psychology, and the Division of School Psychology under the American Psychological Association.
This profession aims to ensure education quality for students with special needs, underprivileged students, and poorly adapted students. Students’ individual differences can be addressed more effectively through the profession of psychology.
3. Course plan of the School Psychology Credit Program
The School Psychology Credit Program, devised by this department in conjunction with the Department of Special Education, was the first training program for school psychology in Taiwan. This credit program started to accept applications from postgraduate students of this university in the second semester of the academic year of 2009. The application schedule is published on the webpage of this department every year.
For the regulations and course outline of this program, please consult the School Psychology Credit Program Regulations and the Course Schedule.
4. Education goals of the program
(1) Cultivate professional school psychology personnel adept at research or practice.
(2) Improve the professional knowledge and capability of the school to respond to students’ differences.
5. Core abilities
(1) Knowledge and cognition
Having theoretical and practical knowledge on helping people.
(2) Function orientation
 Having knowledge in psychology and the ability to apply it.
 Having the ability to prevent and solve practical problems on site in school.
 Having the ability to cooperate with people in executing improvement strategies.
(3) Personal traits
Noticing and respecting individual differences.
(4) Value and ethics
Having a professional attitude based on science and skills in helping people.
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